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Web Hosting Glossary

Affiliate

an independent party that promotes the products or services of a merchant in exchange for a commission.

Apache

an open-source (source code is freely available and can be shared) HTTP Web server software. According to Netcraft survey, it is currently the most popular web server on the Net. It is usually run on Unix operating system versions like Linux or BSD, but it can also be run on Windows. It is a full-featured server with many powerful add-ons freely available. Apache's major competitor is Microsoft's IIS

Application Service Provider

a third party that manages software applications for servers and networks.

ASP (Active Server Pages)

Microsoft NT scripting language which allows YOU to design web pages that can make displaying, manipulating and editing databases quick and easy.

Backbone

is the line of high speed connections which your host uses to connect your web site to the internet.

Bandwidth

The amount of data that can be transmitted through a connection at a given moment to a server. The higher your bandwidth, the larger amount of traffic your site can handle at one time.

Billing Contact

When signing up with a web host or registering a domain name, the billing contact must be provided to the registrar/host when completing the registration form. The billing contact is responsible for receiving the bills and paying the registrar/host any fees.

Browser

a Client program (software) that is used to look at various kinds of Internet resources. All browsers work slightly different and one may not display the pages correctly if the code was developed exclusively for another browser. Today the two main browsers are Microsoft Internet Explorer and Netscape.

Client

a software program that is used to contact and obtain data from a Server software program on another computer, often across a great distance.

Co-location

a service in which a company will connect a server that you own to the internet.

Cookie

a message given to a Web browser by a Web server. The browser stores the message in a text file called cookie.txt. The message is then sent back to the server each time the browser requests a page from the server.

Dedicated Server

is a piece of hardware located in a web hosting company's data center that is used by a single hosting account only.

Disk Space

disk space or web space is the amount of space you are allowed to take up on the web host's hard drive. One of the factors in how much you'll pay for Web hosting is how much space you will need to store your Web pages. Disk space is usually reported in megabytes (MB). The computer itself does not care whether you are yahoo.com or google.com. It has no idea how to find the name, it needs a number that identifies that name.

Domain Name

the unique name that identifies an Internet site. Domain Names always have 2 or more parts, separated by dots.

Domain Name System (DNS)

A distributed database of information that is used to translate domain names into Internet Protocol (IP) numbers.

Domain Reseller

a company/person that sells domain names through registry services provided by an ICANN approved registrar.

E-commerce

the name for online business.

Firewall

a piece of security software designed to protect Web servers. They are typically used to protect sites from hacker attacks/unauthorized access.

Free Host

are web hosting provider who doesn't charge a monthly fee for web hosting services. It allows users to share space on their servers at no charge, usually in exchange for a text link or ad banner on their web site.

Home Page

the main web page or index page for a web site.

Host

any computer on a network that is a repository for services available to other computers on the network. It is quite common to have one host machine provide several services, such as WWW and USENET.

Hosting Plan

web hosts offer hosting plans to their clients which contain a specific set of features and services at a set price. Hosting plans vary among web hosts and a web host may offer many different hosting plans to fit the needs of their clients.

HTTP

(HyperText Transport Protocol) -- The protocol for moving hypertext files across the Internet. Requires a HTTP client program on one end, and an HTTP server program on the other end. HTTP is the most important protocol used in the World Wide Web (WWW).

IP(InternetProtocol)

Internet software that divides data into packets for transmission over the Internet. Computers must run IP to communicate across the Internet.

IP address (Internet Protocol address)

the standard way of identifying a computer that is connected to the Internet, much the way a telephone number identifies a telephone on a telephone network.

Linux

Similar to UNIX operating system, Linux is the open source version of the popular system. Linux is available for anyone to use or change as long is it remains public.

Multihosting

the ability of a Web server to support more than one Internet address and more than one home page on a single server.

Network location

in a URL, the unique name that identifies an Internet server. A network location has two or more parts, separated by periods, as in my.network.location. Also called host name and Internet address.

Paid Host

paid hosts, as opposed to free hosts, require a monthly fee for hosting services. Web hosting is renting the space for your web site.

Root web

to access the root web, you supply the URL of the server without specifying a page name.

Server

A computer, or a software package, that provides a specific kind of service to client software running on other computers.

Shared Hosting

Hosting service that allows you to effectively manage your site by sharing server space with other clients allowing for a lower cost of service.

Traffic

the amount of bandwidth used by your web site, or the number of unique and repeat visitors who use your web pages. Each new peson who accesses your site is termed a "Unique visitor" and each time a different page is looked at is termed a "page view" or "hit."

Unique Visitor

website traffic measurement where each person's individual IP address visiting a particular website is counted only once, regardless of how many times they visit that particular website in a given day.

UNIX

a computer operating system (the basic software running on a computer, underneath t things like word processors and spreadsheets).

URL

the Internet address of a page or other World Wide Web resource that includes the protocol and complete network location of the page or file. The absolute URL includes a protocol, such as "http," network location, and optional path and file name. For example, http://www.topwebhosting.org/index.html is an absolute URL.

Virtual Domain

is when a single IP address is shared between multiple domains.

Virtual Hosting

hosting service designed to provide you with the tools you need to effectively manage your presence on the Internet.

Windows NT/2000

these are graphic-based, multitasking Operating Systems developed over the past few years by Microsoft. Both can act as standalone OS for personal computers/workstations, or can serve as an OS for a Web site/network. Most Web hosting companies and resellers offer Windows-based hosting in some capacity or other.

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